Î¼Î±, ónuma, "name") or gentilic (from Latin gentilis, "of a clan, or gens") is a word that identifies a group of people (inhabitants, residents, natives) in relation to a particular place. The United States Government Publishing Office (U.S. GPO) published "preferred" demonym for each state. In addition, several countries have a large number of sub-names for their citizens in the form of nicknames for people of certain different areas; these are usually related to something typical of the area. Note: Demonyms are given in plural forms. Itâs quite confusing, though in speech you would say the former like it was French (something like nee-ZHER-iã) ... What is the demonym for a citizen of Niger? The more frequently people use and recognize Nigerien as a noun or as an adjective associated with Niger and not Nigeria, however, the less reason anyone has to adhere to Nigerois. To (some) North Americans, the pattern of the word Nigerois is immediately recognizable as matching that of Quebecois (a native of Quebec), so it isn't an altogether outlandish formulation. Niger (officially the Republic of Niger) is a landlocked country in West Africa. In addition, the World Fact Book (1997), the New Oxford American Dictionary (2001), the New Oxford American Dictionary and Thesaurus with Language Guide (2003) offer only Nigerien as the word for the people of Niger. First atomic-powered transportation in science fiction and the details? Why do we use approximate in the present and estimated in the past? Niger is landlocked, meaning it has no coastline. Nigerien society reflects a great diversity drawn frae the lang independent histories o its several ethnic groups an regions an thair relatively short period livin in a single state. Notice that in English we capitalize both the Demonym and Adjectival forms of the word because they are derived from proper nouns. The northern four-fifths of the country is desert, and the southern one-fifth is savanna. Just to make sure everyone knows what you are talking about? slate.com article which claims to have verified its facts with the Nigerien Embassay in the US, was told by his editor that the NYT style manual prefers, U.S. Government Printing Office Style Manual. I say "arguably" because three of the latter group appear in publications titled Nigerian Economy: A Textbook of Applied Economics (1986), Equity and Trusts in Nigeria (1986), and Nigerian Journal of Palms and Oil Seeds (1987)âand in each case, the book contained only one match for Nigeran, suggesting that these instances might have involved typos for Nigerian. Jump to navigation Jump to search. the English, the Cornish). Niger remains handicapped bi its landlocked poseetion, desert terrain, poor eddication an poverty o its fowk, lack o infrastructur, poor heal care, an environmental degradation. Demonym. Over 80% of its land area lies in the Sahara Desert. Since the Ngram charts that show the overwhelming relative frequency of Nigerien don't isolate occurrences of that word as a noun, they aren't terribly relevant to the question of how Nigerois as a noun and Nigerien as a noun match up. That hardly suggests the timeline distribution of an archaic term. Note: Demonyms are given in plural forms. The French terminations -ois / -ais serve as both the singular and plural masculine; adding e (-oise / -aise) makes them singular feminine; es (-oises / -aises) makes them plural feminine. Negro denotes "black" in Spanish and Portuguese, derived from the Latin word niger, meaning black, which itself is probably from a Proto-Indo-European root *nek w-, "to be dark", akin to *nok w-, "night". To my surprise, the Associated Press Stylebook (2002) doesn't offer any guidance on what to call the people of different nations. Is this simply a terminological difference between U.S. (or North American) English and British English, or is one word truly more appropriate than the other? What is the correct way to form a demonym from an acronym? Neither the criticism of Nigerois based on its etymological origin nor the one based on its nonuse in Niger seems especially compellingâunless we are determined to adopt a comparable test for the names we use in English for other nationalities of the world. Deep Reinforcement Learning for General Purpose Optimization. City name without demonym in “Belgrade journal Philosophia”, Word for the religious equivalent of 'demonym', CSS animation triggered through JS only plays every other click. "Negro" was also used of the peoples of West Africa in old maps labelled Negroland, an area stretching along the Niger River. Other major ethnic groups include Zarma-Songhai, Tuareg, Fula, and Arab. Its neighbor Nigeria, with which it is occasionally confused, was under English control before it gained its independence, also in 1960; that's why the pronunciations differ so sharply. Niger gets its name from the Niger River, whose name possibly comes from the Berber word "River of Rivers". This is also backed up by the Oxford Learner's Dictionary and Wiktionary. It is one of the constituent states of the Niger Delta region. Re: The Meaning Of Recently Found Word "Demonym" by smudge2079(m): 1:11pm On Oct 23, 2015; Dottore: This is a very nice post, very informative and scintillating. On the other hand The New York Times Manual of Style and Usage (1999) has this: Nigerois (sing. The remaining six instances were far from obviously Niger-related either; but when you're dealing with snippet views, the necessary context can be hard to come by. There might be a subtle difference, but the listener would not recognize it unless listening very carefully. With a land area of 1,267,000 km square km, Niger is â¦ Except in cases such as Spain, in which sub-names have been used interchangeably by others, sub-names belonging to some areas in a country are not listed here. Plotting datapoints found in data given in a .txt file. Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. Shiny and New å®å® in his answer), Nigerien dominates current usage. The Wikipedia article on Niger and the online Oxford Learnerâs Dictionaries say that the proper term is Nigerien, as Vogel612 points out below. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 41. Almost certainly the reason Nigeran didn't catch on as the adjective form of Niger is that typos and typesetting mistakes of this very kind were a constant danger. The NGrams data clearly shows a vast preference for Nigerien. A Demonym is an adjective that is used to refer to a person from a particular place or nation. On the other hand, she failed to notice that, virtually unanimously, the institutional proponents of Nigerois recommend using it only as a noun referring to the people of Niger, not as an adjective. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Apparently, the answer is to aim at a noise approximating to 'NigÃ©rien'. If you need to coin a new demonym, such as for a novel, then I would use one of the more common suffixes and leave it at that. The ending -men has feminine equivalent -women (e.g. Obnoxious or not, Wills did enough research to discover that the River Niger owes it name to the Tuareg word n'eghirren (which she says means "flowing water"). List of demonyms for states in Nigeria: | This is a list of terms which are used, or have been used in the past, to designate ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. If a citizen of Nigeria is a Nigerian, what is a citizen of Niger referred to as? An NYT columnist who wrote an article about Nigeriens, was told by his editor that the NYT style manual prefers Nigerois to avoid confusion with Nigerians. If you wish to break it down by US/BR differences, you can: As the question notes, different references have different opinions about the merits of Nigerien versus Nigerois. Present day Niger stands on what was previously the empires of Mali and Songhai. Do rockets leave launch pad at full thrust? A demonym can also be used to show the origin of something for example, âEnglish Footballâ refers to football played in England. Good luck. It only takes a minute to sign up. 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